What is Inflammation?

Believe it or not, inflammation is your body’s natural response to protect itself from infections or foreign substances, such as viruses, injuries and bacteria. Our bodies are trying to tell us what the typical signs of inflammation are – but we don’t realize it. The inflammatory process, also called the inflammation mechanism, works to protect your body by releasing substances including an increased amount of white blood cells to an area that have a virus, bacteria, or injury. While it’s meant to protect the body, inflammation or chronic inflammation can have dangerous side effects as well. 

Millions of Americans have common medical conditions that are caused by chronic inflammation, including:

  • Arthritis
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Metabolic disease

Patients with increased inflammation are more at higher risk for serious conditions including cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease. To help those who live with chronic inflammation protect their long term health, we’ve created a variety of olive oil-based products that are rich with anti-inflammatory ingredients. Polyphenols from olive oil are the key ingredient in our products because it is such a powerful anti–inflammatory agent.

Inflammation In The Mediterranean Region

People in the Mediterranean are scientifically proven to have fewer cases of inflammation per capita because of their high consumption of olive oil and its anti-inflammatory substances. We want to help guide you to determine if you’re suffering from chronic inflammation and can benefit from our olive oil-based supplements to both reduce your inflammation and avoid more serious health conditions down the road. To do so, we’ve put together this list of the typical signs of inflammation in the body.

What Are the Typical Signs of Inflammation?

What Are the Cardinal Signs of Inflammation

Note:  you may have inflammation but not experience all five symptoms.  Check with your healthcare professional or primary care physician if you experience any of these five signs of inflammation in the body:

     1. Pain

As many chronic inflammation sufferers can attest to, pain is one of the critical signs of inflammation in the body. People with inflammation experience pain typically in their affected joints and muscles. For some patients, inflammation also causes a high level of stiffness, resulting in a loss of mobility. This can be the case with any of the aforementioned medical conditions. This pain can be felt in your joints, fingers, knees, hips, spine, neck etc. There also pain-related causes such as acute bronchitis, infections, cuts, scratches, dermatitis, sinusitis, or perhaps physical trauma or injury.  A study showed that polyphenols from olive oil in combination with other anti-inflammatory agents could reduce pain in patients. 1  Our olive oil supplements can benefit individuals who experience either chronic or repeated acute inflammation.*

      2. Heat

Another typical sign of inflammation is the feeling of “heat” in an affected area of the body. Inflammation can cause a higher level of blood flow to the affected part of your body. For this reason, it’s common for people with arthritis, for example, to feel increased heat on the skin directly above their arthritic joints. Patients with pain in their muscles – caused by either an accident or injury – may also feel increased heat on the skin immediately above the areas of their bodies that are inflamed. On an acute level, having a bacterial infection, an insect bite, or virus accompanied by a fever is your body’s inflammatory response to fighting off a sickness.

      3. Redness

Redness on the skin above an inflamed area is also a typical sign of inflammation. This is especially true for those who have experienced inflammation as a result of physical trauma, such as a fall or car accident or a sports-related injury. The red hue on the skin is a result of increased blood flow to the underlying affected area.

     4. Swelling

Most obvious from the outside of the body is swelling in the affected area.  But sometimes this swelling is not visible – as inside the joints, or in the heart.  Swelling occurs, after infections, viruses, certain foods, chemicals, where there is an increased amount of fluids in the underlying area of your body.  In addition, that “swelling” may look like extra weight in your midsection, bloating, etc. Inflammation can also be in response to foods that are not easily digestible or healthy for you.   Some people who reduce their inflammation dramatically, can actually experience significant weight loss.

     5. Loss of Function

Rounding out the typical signs of inflammation is the loss of function of the affected body part. For example, if you have an injury to a muscle or an inflamed joint, your mobility in the affected area will likely be compromised. Likewise, with acute inflammation, you may experience difficulty breathing if you have a respiratory illness, which typically clears up in a few days or weeks.  Loss of motion or reduced range of motion also can be a symptom of inflammation.  This has the added impact of causing lack of mobility in patients.  The hydroxytyrosol in olive oil polyphenols may actually inhibit this reaction.2 


The Anti-Inflammatory Qualities of Olive Oil

The Anti-Inflammatory Qualities of Olive Oil

We have developed a polyphenol-rich olive oil that is packed with TrePhenol® and olive fruit supplements that are based on this powerful anti-inflammatory ingredient.    Extra virgin olive oil is rich with polyphenols and monounsaturated fats, which has been proven to reduce inflammation in the body.* Additionally, consuming olive oil-based supplements on a regular basis can be extremely convenient and help achieve the 5mg per day suggestion by the European Food Safety Association (EFSA – the “FDA of Europe”).  

Do You Suffer from Chronic or Repeated Acute Inflammation?

As we mentioned above, not all people who are experiencing inflammation will display all of the typical signs of inflammation. But now that you know the five signs of inflammation – or even have extra weight that you may want to lose, it’s time to ask yourself, “Am I experiencing chronic inflammation, or am I prone to repeated acute chronic inflammation?” If you suspect the answer is yes, we encourage you to review our olive oil supplements to determine which one may be best for your specific needs.


1 “A combination of hydroxytyrosol, omega-3 fatty acids and curcumin improves pain and inflammation among early stage breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant hormonal therapy: results of a pilot study”  See the Pubmed article here.

2 “Hydroxytyrosol inhibits the inflammatory response of osteoarthritis chondrocytes via SIRT6-mediated autophagy”  See the Pubmed article here.


*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.